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CFCT: 智能合約開發人員可能要承擔法律責任

By Mr. Crowd 18 Oct 201818:38





美國商品期貨交易委員會專員Brian Quintenz警告說,如果有理由相信區塊鏈開發人員在創建有期貨或衍生工具成份的智能合約時,可合理地預見該合約違反美國商品期貨交易委員會(CFCT)的法規及美國人民有參與的可能,那麼智能合約開發人員可能需要承擔有關的法律責任。這是Quintenz昨天在杜拜舉行的第38屆GITEX科技週會議上發言時對含有期貨或衍生工具成份的智能合約的評論。

根據Quintenz的說法,若智能合約含有期貨、期權或掉期的基本特徵,而美國人民有可能參與的話,便會受到美國商品期貨交易委員的監管。

Quintenz說:「如果某智能合約屬於CFTC的管轄範圍,那麼它是否符合CFTC規定的區塊鏈交易方式?如果是掉期合約,它是否向零售投資者提供?它是一種必須在交易所進行交易的產品嗎?其合約的交易方式需要向監管機構註冊嗎?」Quintenz指出,這些活動亦可能屬於CFTC所謂的「預測市場」,即個人使用「事件智能合約」,創造出二元期權(Binary Option)或其他衍生性合約,來押注未來事件的發生或結果。

智能合約開發人員可能要承擔法律責任

Brian Quintenz認為,雖然智能合約開發人員聲稱他們只是創建該等智能合約,因此無法控制用戶如何使用它,尤其這些智能合約往往是在公共領域的區塊鏈上執行。但Quintenz指出,智能合約開發人員需要負上法律責任與否在於他們在創建代碼時是否可以合理地預見該合約違反CFCT的法規及美國人民有參與的可能。如是的話,智能合約開發人員可能需要承擔有關的法律責任,CFTC亦可以對有關開發人員進行起訴。





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